Also known as Telangiectasia, spider veins refer to the blood vessels near the mucous membranes or the surface of the skin which dilated to cause this disorder. Spider veins can develop anywhere on the body but the face, chin, nose and eyes are the most susceptible areas. Since the veins are near the surface of the skin it appears like spider veins on your skin. There are several causes that lead to this particular condition but the main reason is the presence of weaker blood vessels which do now allow the vessels to circulate properly and results in blood leakage. Menopause, aging, hormonal disbalance and obesity are considered to be some of the chief causes of weaker blood vessels.
In the earlier days, the spider veins were said to have been a result of venous hypertension, but it was later diagnosed to be the venous reflux disease that is considered to be one of the major reasons for this disorder. It is usually a harmless ailment which can sometimes cause burning, aching and itching. Nevertheless there are some ways how spider veins can be treated.
I have spider veins, what do I do? The best and the most obvious answer to this question is Sclerotherapy. This therapy involves the doctor injecting the patient with a chemical solution which closes the weakened veins that cause Telangiectasia. Depending on the affected areas, the treatment might have to go on for more than one session. Nevertheless, Sclerotherapy has several risks involved as the foam injected in the body has a risk of appearing in the heart and lungs and can travel to the brain. If done correctly Sclerotherapy effectively removes the spider veins and doesn’t require any anesthesia. Some of the common side effects related to Sclerotherapy are itching and swelling with minor skin discoloration.
- Laser Therapy
Laser Therapy is usually done when spider veins affect areas like the face and eyes where Sclerotherapy isn’t an option. The therapy involves the use of a specialized laser beam that is used to seamlessly penetrate the skin and seal off the veins. The veins get heated by the laser and get melted away. There is no surgical process involved and hence you don’t need to get admitted in a clinic or hospital. The treatment is only used for smaller veins and spider veins on the face. The laser treatment has several risks like the destruction of sweat glands and the side effects include itching, swelling and permanent changes in the skin color. The more sessions you take for the treatment, the more risk there is to the sweat glands.
Spider veins can spread anywhere on the area and can also appear on the thighs, knee joints, ankles etc. The use of these treatments can also risk several other disorders and diseases hence one needs to follow them with proper discretion. For best results always do proper background checks on the physician that you decide to go to. Spider vein treatment needs to be very precise hence you cannot risk visiting a physician who has just started practicing.
The treated blood vessels fade over a couple months but over time, there is always a risk of new veins getting developed in the same area. We must not forget that spider veins are a seemingly harmless disease which only gets worse with age. So if treated on time it has a much lower chance of reappearing.