Varicose veins, more often than not, do not cause any medical complications. Doctors often suggest lifestyle changes to check the disease. Sometimes the disease takes on a severe note like blood clots, skin ulcers or other complications for which a medical procedure is needed. Sometimes the disease gives rise to other venal disorders. Some of the most common disorders are –
- Telangiectasias – These are widened clusters of tiny blood vessels called venules. Causing red lines or pattern on the skin, its formation is gradual. They are mostly seen in upper body areas like the lips, nose, eyes, fingers and oral cavities. They may manifest during pregnancy and often develop in people with certain genetic disorders, viral infections, or other conditions, such as liver disease. Since they look very unattractive, most people opt to have it removed which is done by causing damage to the vessel and forcing it to collapse or scar.
- Spider Veins – A lighter version of telangiectasias and smaller version of varicose veins, spider veins are red, purple or blue capillaries, which twist and turn and become visible on the surface as spider web like pattern or tree branch. Capillaries are the smallest blood vessels in the body arising from veins. Typically visible on legs and face, many like to have it removed due to its unsightly appearance.
- Varicoceles – It is the varicose veins in the scrotum, which is the skin over the testicles. This skin has a spermatic cord, which holds up the testicle. It contains veins, arteries and nerves that deliver blood to the reproductive glands. Any abnormality in these veins or if their valves are not functioning normally, it makes the veins widen, resulting in varicocele. This can cause decreased sperm production and quality and even lead to male infertility. It is best to seek proper medical guidance.
- Hemorrhoids – Also known as piles,, these are swollen varicose veins in and around the anus. This is caused due to excessive pressure on the veins in the pelvic and rectal area. When the veins swell inside the anal canal, it is referred to as internal hemorrhoids but when they swell near the anal opening, they are called external hemorrhoids. They can be quite painful and should be treated at the earliest.
Venous lakes (varicose veins appearing in neck and face), reticular veins (flat blue veins often spotted behind knees) are some other minor types of varicose veins that may appear. Hence, it is always advisable to have a healthy lifestyle to minimize them and go for profession medical advice as required.